Electric three-phase induction motors with squirrel cage rotor are the most common in the industry. They gain this name due to the type of rotor used, the rotor shorted.
Basically, the induction motor with squirrel cage rotor is composed of two parts, being they the stator and the rotor. The stator is the magnetic circuit of the electric motor, generally of grooves, where the coils are housed which, with the proper connection, produce the rotating magnetic field. The rotor is the winding consisting of copper or aluminum bars, short-circuited at their ends. The action of the rotating stator field induces the current in the rotor circuit and when the induction motor is in operation, the magnetic field formed in the rotor circuit will chase the rotating field of the stator. transformer acme t2a795523s
When the motor is energized, it acquires the function of a transformer with the secondary one in short circuit, therefore it requires of the electrical network a much greater chain, being able to reach about 8 times the value of the same one. The disadvantages are caused by the high starting currents, as they require the dimensioning of cables with much larger diameters, in addition, power factor drops can occur, causing greater energy expenditure and costs.